Fertilizing your garden is important. It is good to learn the plant symptoms and common issues associated with nutrient deficiency, bugs or disease. At Gulley Greenhouse we are experts at treating your garden problems.
Fertilizing doesn’t need to happen during the first month if the plant was purchased in a greenhouse. If the plant is a new seedling, wait a couple of weeks after sprouting to fertilize the plant. Beginning in the second month you can use just about any houseplant fertilizer for any plant. Watch for plant specific products, also learn about the N-P-K on the labels, this will help you to choose the right product.
ALWAYS READ THE LABELS CAREFULLY BEFORE CHEMICAL USE.
As winter approaches you can slow down and even stop using fertilizers and start up again as spring occurs. Do not fertilize your plants after or approaching the first frost date around October. Also use winterizer for your lawn. Winterizer slowly releases the nutrients and feeds your lawn during the winter months.
All fertilizers on the market have these letters on their labels; N P K. Sometimes it is written in numbers 5-7-3.
This is very helpful when determining what type of food you need to purchase. Change to higher numbers in the spring, your plants will love it.
For anything that blooms or fruits, high phosphate numbers are best.
Like everything else…excess won’t help. Give the plant small amounts 1 – 2 times a month depending on the numbers. The higher the numbers, the less you are going to give to the plant!
INSECTICIDE destroys insects
FUNGICIDE destroys fungus
HERBICIDE destroys herbaceous plants
MITICIDE destroys mites
Many of the controls for pests need to be done early, before the “pest” is visible. Most of the pesticides do not perform properly at temperatures below 50 degrees F., above 95 degrees F., or if it rains within 24 hours of application.
If using on edible crops, look for the number of days to harvest for a safety factor. Or use Organic alternatives like lady bugs and praying mantids.
Always read the label before you use the product, even if it is organic or if you have used it before. Gulley Greenhouse will not be held responsible for misuse and you can get seriously harmed.
If you have a pest or disease problem take a sample of the most damaged area and bring it to us. We can help you identify the issue. Samples are the best way to correctly identify the problem.
Do not spray insecticides during the day when pollinating insects are out. It is best to do it in the early evening when temperatures cool.
Do not apply if windy because the drift could cause damage to surrounding areas.
Weeds are plants out of place. If there are plants growing in your garden that you do not want, use the information below to control them.
Nonselective herbicides: Kills all types of plants.
Selective herbicides: Kills either broadleaf or grass type. (Specific)
Plants should be watered 24 hours before applying herbicide, and not again until 24 hours after application.
For the best control of weeds, spray them when they are actively growing. Do not mow 24 hours before or after application of an herbicide.
Clippings should not be used in your compost pile
Specific herbicides that we carry at Gulley Greenhouse:
Round Up nonselective.
– kills all plants it comes in contact with
– becomes inactive in soil
– can replant in 7 days
– kills only members of the grass family
– systemic; do not use clippings
– good for taking grass out of perennials and shrubs or flower beds.
– sometimes takes more than one application
Weed Free Zone selective.
– kills only broad leaf weeds.
– quick to kill.
– great for lawn use
– works great under freezing conditions
– easy to apply
Use separate sprayers for herbicides, pesticides, oil based sprays, etc. ALWAYS label sprayers so you do not mix different kinds of chemicals.
Air-O-Matic Sprayer. (For wide areas)
Put in full strength chemical.
Adjust dial to number of teaspoons per gallon.
Attach hose and turn on water. Squeeze the trigger and the spray is mixed automatically.
1 or 2 gallon.
Use liquid or wetable powders.
Must dilute the spray first.
Always rinse out well after using.
Best type for herbicides.
Hose On Sprayer. (Is best for fungicides)
First scale: fill chemical to number of teaspoons desired.
Second scale: fill water to number of gallons desired.
Connect to hose and turn on water.
Chemical will not siphon out until you hold your finger/thumb over the hole.
Use for premixed pesticides or small quantities.
Label with marker so people won’t mistake it for water.
Good for spot treatments.
Great for large lawn areas.
Easy to set and use.
Ross Root Feeders. (Our favorite product)
Used for deep root watering. Advantageous for trees because you get the fertilizer to the tree roots and not to the lawn.